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Human beings have been mediating presence for as long as humankind exists. When moving around people leave trails of footprints, nests and other signs that show they 'have been here'. For centuries people have mediated presence consciously by telling stories, making drawings, sending messengers and writing books. Via technology we can now mediate our presence to other places in real time. Via radio, mobile phones, Internet and TV we perceive other people's presence in a variety of ways.

In this section I will first address the issue of the real versus the unreal, which I briefly discussed earlier in the introduction to presence technologies. Then I will discuss the processes of attribution, synchronization and adaptation that can affect an individual human being when he or she is involved in mediated presence. Lastly in this section I will discuss the notion of media schemata, which addresses how large groups of people learn to understand and integrate certain technologies in their day-to-day lives.

  • argument, theory

    Real versus unreal

    Caroline Nevejan –

    In 1935 Walter Benjamin wrote the first draft of his essay on 'Das Kunstwerk im Zeitalter seiner technischen Reproduzierbarkeit' ...

  • AIBO, the robotdog

    Caroline Nevejan, Frederic Kaplan –

    The first story is about a robot dog that was made In Sony's Research Lab in Paris in 2001. Because the robot dog does not mediate the ...

  • To be raised by a computer

    Caroline Nevejan –

    The last story I want to share in this section poses the question of whether there is a distinction to be made between mediated presence ...

  • concept, argument, theory

    To settle for certain behaviour

    Caroline Nevejan –

    The concept of media schemata is crucial for research into the domain of designing presence in environments where technology plays a ...

  • Attribution, sychronization, adaptation

    Caroline Nevejan –

    When they are involved in mediated presence people accept a partial perception of other human beings and of themselves. Technology does ...

  • Love on the Internet

    Caroline Nevejan –

    A second story I want to share is about two people communicating with each other via Internet. Where feedback is almost immediate, ...

  • description, concept, theory

    Media Schemata

    Caroline Nevejan –

    'I could not go to sleep because the lady in the television set asked me to stay and watch a bit longer', said the aging mother of a ...

  • concept, argument, theory

    Time, place, social group and culture determine schemata

    Caroline Nevejan –

    In Science and Technology Studies the complexity of such arrangements in which nature, culture and technology are deeply interwoven, is ...